Improving Our World
Democracy ~ Economic Moderation ~
Improve democracy by continuously
conducting new experiments with it. First conduct experiments at a local level. Then conduct experiments with the most
successful of these at higher levels. In each experiment, poll residents about the results and publish the poll results. In
some of the experiments:
Use random selection (sortition, selection by lot), as part of the process to select officials.
Have term limits for more offices.
Ban (or limit) lobbying — giving gifts to officials, on behalf of very wealthy special interest groups.
Ban (or limit) the “revolving door,”
in which officials leave office and become lobbyists who are paid well by very wealthy special interest groups, to influence
government decision-making by their friends in office.
Have candidates advance through government one level at a time. This better ensures that they’re first found
trustworthy by local peers. It also broadens their experience.
Increase voter turnout by conducting voting in places visited by most people, such as shopping centers.
Have an executive council instead of one
chief executive officer because:
- A council is more difficult to corrupt
than only one officer.
- Many types of councils are already trusted
to make very important decisions, at all levels of government.
- Modern inventions eliminated some reasons for having only one executive. For example, when quick decisions are
needed, remote members of an executive council can use telephones to consult and vote on decisions.
Conduct random selections using transparent machines, in front of randomly selected volunteer witnesses (with identities
made part of the public record). Televise live broadcasts of this.
Conduct voting using the secret ballot voting method, with paper ballots. Store ballots for several years. Have term
limits for people who collect and count ballots, and randomly select them from registered voters.
History’s first recorded experiment with indirect democracy
began in Athens, Greece around 600 BC. It used screening — followed by sortition (selection by lottery) — to choose
representatives for government and jurors for public trials. Sortition was regarded as the best way to protect democracy from
corruption. Public elections were very distrusted, because they’re easily influenced by very wealthy entities. Today
many nations still use screening and sortition to select jurors for public trials.
Since experiments with democracy began again in the 1700s, societies changed greatly — due to technology, globalization,
large-scale overpopulation, concentrations of wealth, and mass media. Improvements to democracy have not kept pace with these
Today, almost two-thirds
of the world’s people are governed by some form of democracy. In many, their representatives don’t represent society
(at local to national levels), because most people don’t have resources to campaign for election. This problem worsens
for offices having higher campaign costs. As a result, most candidates are from very wealthy backgrounds and/or they receive
large campaign contributions from very wealthy entities and repay contributors through biased decision-making after being
only public elections are increasingly vulnerable to corruption because:
- the wealth gap is growing, and the very rich are vastly richer (of the world’s 100 largest economic entities,
51 are corporations; the world has over 1,430 billionaires);
campaigns are vastly more expensive;
- mass media exists
and influences most voters (much of it is controlled by only a few entities); and,
- in some places, there is growing ignorance and apathy.
"It is thought to be democratic for the offices to be assigned by lot. For them to be elected is oligarchic."
"The most perfect political community is one in which the middle class is in control, and outnumbers both of
the other classes."
"Democracies degenerate into despotisms."
~ Aristotle (384-322 BC), Founder of Western Philosophy
To reduce the economic
extreme of poverty, reduce its primary causes, which are *overpopulation; corruption; inadequate opportunities for education
and employment; and, some welfare incentives.
To reduce the economic extreme of wealth, have a wealth (net worth) limit of $500 million for every person and $500
billion for every corporation. Allow two years to give away excess wealth before enforcing the limits, using only fines and
wealth limits include:
- A limit will
reduce incentive for people to manage creating, maintaining, and expanding businesses. This is false, because there are
many who successfully do these things; they don’t need to also fund them.
- A limit will remove all incentive for people (having the maximum wealth) to improve the well-being of society.
This is false, because the incentive of altruism remains, which is gaining good feelings from practicing unselfish concern
for the well-being of others.
- A limit is
communism. This is false, because communism is when the government owns things used to make and transport products and
there is no privately owned property, except for minor personal belongings.
- Only extremely wealthy people are able to afford starting and expanding businesses. This is false, because
many ordinary people can combine their money for this; corporate charters were created to enable this.
- Only extremely wealthy corporations can lower prices, through
economy of scale. This is false, because some are so big that they’ve become inefficient — and stop competition,
which ends incentive to improve and reduce prices. Superpowers will limit the wealth of corporations before any corporation’s
economy is larger than theirs.
In the 1700s, corporate
charters originally made protecting the public interest the first duty of a corporation; and producing a profit was second.
By the mid-1800s, corporations made governments reverse this. Over the past century, some corporations became extremely wealthy
and powerful due to technology, globalization, and large-scale overpopulation (with lower wages and growing markets). Some
abused their wealth and power, to profit at the expense of much harm to society. Restore the original order of corporate duties.
begins with using the power of thought.
Thought is a form of energy — as all things
are. You are a physical and intellectual form of energy that is part of the changing, mostly unknown, and intelligent energy
field that creates all things — including powers to co-create and self-change. Your intellectual form includes the powers
of: will, awareness, understanding, emotion, reason, introspection, expression, imagination, and inspiration.
Your thought energy changes into electric energy moving through
your brain. This changes into electric signals moving through your nerves and chemical signals moving through your veins.
Thought energy impacts every cell, atom, and emotion of your being. Your current and stored thoughts form much of your identity.
You choose many of the thoughts that you:
create/ imagine; express; seek; receive; store/save; retrieve/ recall; remember/re-experience; forget/ discard; ignore/ block;
and avoid. Use this to improve your well-being. As you improve yourself, you improve society.
Humility. Be humble
about how much you know, relative to the unknown. Admit when you’ve been wrong or ignorant. Avoid feeling superior to
others because of your knowledge, beliefs, or membership in an ideology group.
Question. Question everything, especially authorities and ideologies based
on unproven things. Good authorities encourage questioning. Questioning is a birth right and a primary way to learn.
Avoid unquestioning obedience to an authority
— such as a leader or book of an ideology group. When many have unquestioning obedience to a government, their society
becomes vulnerable to tyranny. Think for yourself. Avoid feeling helpless and incapable of thinking for yourself. Usually,
you can help yourself. Life is not always easier — or safer — when you let others tell you what to think.
Gather facts and use reason to make informed
decisions. Avoid extreme emotions, especially excessive fear — which is very powerful and contagious, because it’s
a major instinct for survival. Often, poor decisions are made when they’re based on extreme emotions, assumptions, or
faith — which is belief that is not based on proof. People who repeatedly reject facts and use of reason often repeatedly
lie to themselves and others.
Education. Go to school, and learn by yourself
using resources such as books and the Internet. Demonstrate and promote a desire to learn — throughout society and at
home. Encourage children by learning and reading in front of them. Donate resources to schools, especially those that offer
free to low-cost education to the public. Learn from many sources. Avoid people who limit this — especially when the
knowledge opposes, questions, or undermines an authority — such as a leader or book of an ideology group.
News. Receive news from diverse sources. Assess their motives, owners, and controllers. Much of
TV, radio, and print “news” is cheap-to-produce commentary and speculation — instead of more costly investigative
reporting of facts. Of the actual news reports, many are made needlessly dramatic and scary — to increase audience appeal.
Limit your exposure to negative news, but remain informed. You can be adequately informed without being flooded with news.
Thought programs. Use thought programs (self-commands) to improve yourself.
To speed making a lasting neural path from a thought program, use it repeatedly and use several forms of input — recall,
read, say, hear, and write it. Use thought programs appropriately; get help from a doctor if you need it.
- Use short sentences to avoid confusion.
- Use commands about things happening in the
here and now, such as those that include I am, I have, I do, or I feel.
- Avoid commands about things
happening later, such as those that include I should, I will, or I would. Use commands that focus on good
things you want.
- Avoid commands that focus on what you don’t want, such as those that include avoid, free,
reject, or stop.
- Avoid commands that sound unsure. So avoid commands that include I could or
- Sometimes, we overlook small things that reverse the meaning of bigger things. So avoid words like
no or not, words that begin with dis, non, or un, and words that end in less, free,
or out. If you must use these words, emphasize them.
- Thought program examples are available.
Mass media is paid very much to broadcast repeated words and
images, to program its audience's thoughts and actions. Since the 1950s, television has become the main way to influence
public opinion. When
you passively watch TV programs and passively listen to radio programs, your mind accepts things without question. In this
passive state, your thoughts are changed without you knowing it. When you sleep with the TV or radio on, you still hear; and
the programming effect of passive listening is stronger. You can gain from this type of listening by using recordings
of healthy programs while you sleep.
At times, avoid all mass media for at least a few days, and tune in to your own thoughts.
Also, boycott violent, angry, and scary entertainment. Increase mass media broadcast of uplifting and happy music, movies,
shows, etc. Reduce
excessive fear in your life and society. The following entities gain from excessive fear: abusive authorities, the military
industry, money lenders, and some leaders of governments and ideology groups.
Overpopulation is mainly due to
ignorance and outdated ideologies on birth control. It is often the primary cause of poverty. Other causes of poverty include:
corruption; inadequate opportunities for education and employment; and, some public assistance incentives.
In most countries, the poor have more children per family than any other group. Three
billion people live in extreme poverty and struggle to survive on less than $2 per day. More than 840 million go hungry every
day. Increase and improve voluntary birth control to reduce overpopulation.
impact each other. For example, as consumption rates rapidly increase in some areas, global prices of many things increase
— especially basics like food and fuel. Consumption is growing fastest in overpopulated, rapidly industrializing Asian
nations, like China and India, which have growing populations (over 2.5 billion combined) and increasing disposable incomes.
The economies of these and other Asian nations have greatly improved over the past few decades. Industrialization (and the
transfer of jobs) lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty — and some gained extreme wealth; China has over
100,000 millionaires and 122 billionaires.
The economic decline of many industrialized
nations is mainly due to the transfer of jobs to overpopulated nations with much lower wages. This transfer often occurred
along with excessive spending by governments and individuals. These factors produced export-import imbalance, debt, and a
falling standard of living. If you live in one of these nations, you may become more thankful for what you have, more responsible
as a consumer, less materialistic, and more empathic. You will consume and pollute less. There is no quick and easy way for
many of these nations to fully recover. It took several decades for them to decline, so it will likely take decades to recover.
They must increase production of exportable goods and services.
Entities that gain from overpopulation
- governments and ideology groups that gain more people to give them wealth and power — including people desperate
enough to give unquestioning obedience;
- businesses that gain cheap labor and more consumers; and
- those that gain from fear
and conflict, such as the military industry and its money lenders.
would have thought that it was even more necessary to limit population than property; and that the limit should be fixed by
calculating the chances of mortality in the children, and of sterility in married persons. The neglect of this subject, which
in existing states is so common, is a never-failing cause of poverty among the citizens; and poverty is the parent of revolution
and crime." ~ Aristotle
"Unlike plagues of the dark ages or contemporary diseases we do not yet understand, the modern plague of overpopulation
is soluble by means we have discovered and with resources we possess. What is lacking is not sufficient knowledge of the solution
but universal consciousness of the gravity of the problem and education of the billions who are its victims." ~ Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968),
Civil Rights Leader